Health and Fitness

Risk Factors And Side Effects Of Prostate Surgery

Prostrate surgery or prostatectomy is performed to cure patients with localized prostate cancer. The surgery involves removal of the prostate gland, seminal vesicles, the surrounding tissues and lymph nodes. The surgery is performed in conjunction with treatments like chemotherapy, radiation and hormonal therapy, depending on the stage of cancer and the condition of the patient. Recovery after prostate surgery is a long process and needs assistance and therapy.

Like with any other surgeries, there are some risks and side effects of prostate surgery. Some of the major side effects of surgery are

  • Some patients may have serious reactions to anesthesia.

  • Bleeding from surgery is another major complication of the surgery.

  • Sometimes the patient may suffer damage to the nearby organs and blood clots in the legs and lungs.

  • Infection to the surgery site is another common concern for patients who have undergone prostate removal surgery.

The risks associated with the surgery depend on the overall health of the patient, age of the patient and the skill and experience of the surgical team performing the operation.

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Side Effects of Prostate surgery

  • Urinary incontinence is the major side effect of the prostate surgery. Patients may suffer from overflow incontinence, urge incontinence and stress incontinence. In rare cases, patients lose the ability to control urine and suffer from continuous incontinence. ¬†All the patients suffer from incontinence after surgery but many of them regain bladder control after a couple of weeks.

  • Erectile dysfunction or impotence is another side effect of prostate surgery. Surgeons will try not to disturb the nerves related to erection functions. This is called nerve-sparing approach. But if the nerves are affected by cancer, the doctor might have to remove them. Most of the patients can regain their erectile function by receiving proper treatment for recovery after prostate surgery. The effectiveness of the treatment depends on the age of the patient, general health condition and the erection quality before the operation. The treatment to regain erections might take several months to a couple of years. The options for treating erectile dysfunction are Alprostadil treatment, Phosphodiesterase -5, vacuum devices and penile implants.

  • Patients, who undergo prostate surgery, might suffer from a change in the quality and duration of orgasms. Men might suffer from less intense orgasms or might not experience an orgasm at all. Some men might experience pain with orgasm in rare cases.

  • There might be a change in the length of the penis. Since a portion of the urethra is removed during the surgery along with the prostate, there will be a short decrease in penis length.

Prostate surgery is required for patients suffering from prostate cancer. It is a major surgery that involves the removal of the prostate gland along with surrounding nerves. Patients might suffer from side effects and risk factors. They have to undergo post-surgery treatment to come out of the side effects of the operation and lead a normal life.