Health and Fitness

What to do in case of asthma in an infant?

Asthma in the infant results in difficulty breathing, often accompanied by whistling. The good news is that most babies who suffer from this condition will have their asthma disappear as they grow up.

Definition of infant asthma

Between 0 and 3 years old, asthma attacks can occur in children . These are manifested by breathing disorders and wheezing. However, it is common to confuse these attacks with bronchiolitis.

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The difference between these two pathologies? Frequency. If your little one knows at least 3 episodes of “bronchiolitis” before the age of 5, asthma is often the cause. 
Other common symptoms of this respiratory illness are regular high coughing, wheezing, allergies (environmental or dietary) or eczema.

Hereditary factors also have a role to play in the diagnosis. If you have asthma, your child will be more sensitive.

Diagnosis of asthma in children

If you notice his symptoms, repeatedly, in your child: a visit to the pediatrician is required . He will then perform a chest x-ray to find the cause of the respiratory problems.

If he does not find any other factor that may trigger asthma attacks (such as a malformation or inhalation of a small object), he will recommend an antiasthmatic test, based on rapid-acting bronchodilator.

This is in the form of spray, in which to find a corticosteroid to inhale. Uncomplicated to administer, children will need the help of an inhalation chamber to fully benefit from the treatment. PediAct recommends the use of Tips-haler inhalation chambers, which are compatible with all metered dose inhalers.

With flexible ergonomics and perfect tightness, these masks optimize the deposition of the treatment in the lungs, to increase its efficiency.

Additional preventive measures

In addition to inhaled therapy, you can introduce preventative measures to reduce infant asthma attacks . The first is to eliminate a maximum of allergenic substances from its environment:

  • Pass the suction every two days
  • Use natural household products
  • Air the baby room at least 20 minutes a day
  • Smoking only outdoors
  • Opt for anti-mite linens (avoid feather pillows or goose down)
  • Regularly wash his blanket
  • Dust and clean the vents every quarter

These precautions are intended to improve the quality of life of your child on a daily basis, by limiting the factors likely to trigger an asthma attack.

Chances of improvement

Only 1 in 3 children still have asthma at 30 years old. For others, this respiratory disease resolves spontaneously when they grow up. It is at the time of puberty that the rate of remission and the strongest. Sometimes asthma recurs in young adults who start smoking or exposure to second-hand smoke.

In the end, 95% of asthmatics will see the symptoms disappear completely after 30 years. Good news !